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# In this topic you can find articles about graphical methods of characterization and analysis of complexity in different systems.

• ## Complex Time Series I, Basics

02/09/2016

Many of the data sets with which we usually work are in the form of time series. A time series can be seen as the evolution of a dynamic system, characterized by some variables and parameters. Depending on the type of dynamic of the system, the series may be stationary, periodic, quasiperiodic, chaotic or random. In this series of articles, I will focus on the characterization of chaotic dynamics, which is presented by complex systems, by using graphical methods.

• ## Complex Time Series II, Web diagrams

10/09/2016

I continue the series on graphic characterization of the complexity in time series using the helper application GraphStudy. In this article I will show how to construct a graph with which you can easily distinguish whether a particular series from an iterated function presents a chaotic dynamics, the web diagram.

• ## Complex Time Series III, Phase diagrams

17/09/2016

In this new article in the series on graphic characterization of time series from dynamical systems with chaotic dynamics, I will talk about a way to represent such systems in the domain of space, independently of time, the phase diagram. With this type of diagram, you can see the attractors of the system. An attractor is a point, a curve, in general, a set of points to which converge the system equations, which gives us an idea of the typical behavior of that system.

• ## Complex Time Series IV, power spectrum and distribution

24/09/2016

In this new article of the series dedicated to the graphic characterization of complex time series I will talk about two other graphical tools that can be useful, the power spectrum of the signal, which will be obtained through the Fourier transform, and the graph of the distribution of values of the series, a simple histogram with the frequency of the different values that also can provide us information about the series dynamics.

• ## Complex Time Series V, autocorrelation and extended dimension

08/10/2016

In this new article in the series on time series with complex dynamics, I will show you a procedure to approximately reconstruct the information of a dynamic system with two or more variables from a single series, i.e. a set of data in a single dimension. What we will get from this unique series is a new one for each of the extra dimensions with which we intend to extend the model.

• ## Complex Time Series VI, recurrence plots

12/10/2016

To conclude this series on complex time series and their characterization using graphical tools I will show you a tool called recurrence plot, which allows to obtain some measures used in the recurrence quantification analysis, or RQA for its acronym in English. The recurrence is a characteristic property of deterministic dynamical systems, and consists of that two or more states of the system are arbitrarily close after a certain period of time.

• ## WinRQA, a C# application to draw recurrence plots

11/11/2016

A recurrence plot is a graphical tool used in the study of complex time series. Along with the plot we can also calculate a series of measures that allow us to perform a recurrence quantification analysis, or RQA. In this article I will present the WinRQA application, a tool to work with recurrence plots and RQA measures in a Windows environment.

• ## Extending WinRQA I, estimating delay and embedding dimension

26/11/2016

WInRQA is an application dedicated to recurrence plots, a tool that is used in the analysis of recurrence of complex time series. In this article I will present the first extension of the application, which mainly consists of a series of tool windows that will help you to make estimates on what may be the most appropriate delay to try to reconstruct the phase space of the system attractor and select the correct embedding dimension.